The game is played between two teams, each team is permitted to have up to 10 players. The team on the field is permitted to have seven players at any one time, with the remaining players being man/women reserves. The game consists of one goalkeeper and six outfield players. The pitch will be half of a normal football field.
A match consists of two 12 minutes halves with a 2-minute rest period in between.
To score the ball must go into your opponent’s goal. The whole ball needs to be over the line for it to be a legitimate goal. A goal can be scored with any part of the body apart from the hand or arm up to the shoulder.
Winning the Game
To win you have to score more goals than that of your opponents. If the scores are level at the conclusion of the game this will end as a draw, apart from semi-finals and finals, where the game can go to extra time and even a penalty shootout to decide the winner. Players must use their feet to kick the ball and are prohibited to use their hands apart from goalkeepers who can use any part of their body within the 16.5 metre box.
The ball must have a circumference of 58-61cm and be of a circular shape.
- Each game must include one referee and up to two assistant referee’s (linesmen). It’s the job of the referee to act as time-keeper and make any decisions which may need to be made such as fouls, free kicks, throw ins, penalties and added on time at the end of each half. The referee may consult the assistant referee at any time in the match regarding a decision. It’s the assistant referee’s job to spot offsides in the match (see below), throw ins for either team and also assist the referee in all decision making processes where appropriate.
- For fouls committed a player could receive either a yellow or red card depending on the severity of the foul; this comes down to the referee’s discretion. The yellow is a warning and a red card is a dismissal of that player. Two yellow cards will equal one red. Once a player is sent off then they cannot be replaced.
- If a ball goes out of play off an opponent in either of the side-lines then it is given as a throw in. If it goes out of play off an attacking player on the base-line then it is a goal kick. If it comes off a defending player it is a corner kick.
The Offside Rule in Football
Offside can be called when an attacking player is in front of the last defender when the pass is played through to them. The offside area is designed to discourage players from simply hanging around the opponent’s goal waiting for a pass. To be onside they must be placed behind the last defender when the ball is played to them. If the player is in front of that last defender then he is deemed to be offside and free kick to the defending team will be called.
A player cannot be caught offside in their own half. The goalkeeper does not count as a defender. If the ball is played backwards and the player is in front of the last defender then he is deemed to be not offside.